(Also of Carthage, of Brescia, of Nonza)
Feast Day: Roman Rite Calendar - 05/22*, Tridentine Calendar - 05/22
previously celebrated in October in our parish due to its proximity to Pentecost.
*Reliable research shows confusion because feast day changed from 23rd to 22nd at unknown time for reason, and many online sources use transcriptions of out-of-date printed books, instead of more current, more detailed, and more accurate translated Italian sources from the original churches.
Patron Of: Corsica; Livorno; torture victims; pathologies of the hands and the feet
Emblem: Palm, lily, cross (see symbols).
Julia was a virgin from a noble family in the City of
While giving out the meager portions, Julia discovered happiness through sharing good things with others. She saw how soothing and refreshing water could be to tired and overworked people. Praying to God, she made extra efforts to provide the slaves with as much soothing water as they needed. Thus Julia grew strong in mind and heart and in love of God. She fasted every day except Sunday, and any time she was not working at her master’s business she was devoted to prayer and reading books of piety.
When her master went on one of his voyages to
The governor offered him 4 of his best female slaves in exchange for her, but the merchant said, “No, all you are worth will not purchase her; for I would freely loose the most valuable thing I have in the world rather than be deprived of her.” The governor waited until the merchant was drunk and asleep and had Julia kidnapped.
The governor tried to force Julia to worship his idols but she refused. He even offered Julia her freedom if she would only comply. She answered to her persecutor that she was as free as she wanted to be as long as she was serving Jesus Christ, and that she would never purchase her liberty by doing a crime to God so abominable. The governor was so enraged by her undaunted and resolute air that he struck her face and even tore the hair off her head. Thinking that she was mocking him he ordered she be hung on the cross she loved so much. While hanging in the hot sun, blistered by its rays and feeling the pains of thirst, Julia suddenly felt the refreshing flow of life giving waters bathing her as she gave her spirit to God.
But, seeing her calmness and serenity, the Governor cut off her breasts and cast them in front of a boulder during her crucifixion. After the crucifixion, at the foot of the stone on the same day began to rise an hot spring, where it was built a chapel that still today can admire a Nonza, of which Santa Giulia is patron.
Mysteriously in a dream some monks from the nearby island of Gorgona Island heard of her and rescued her relics. According to legend, attached to Julia's cross was a note, written in an angelic hand, that carried her name and story. The monks transported the relics to a sepulchre on their island after cleaning it and covering it with pleasant aromas before entombing her.
Although she died in Corsica and was then landed at other beaches, she has not been forgotten on the France next to Italy. In 762, Desiderius, king of the Lombards, at the request of his queen Ansa, translated her relics to the Benedictine abbey at Brescia. At Brescia, around 763, Pope Paul I consecrated a church in Julia's name. It became a popular site for pilgrimage in the Middle Ages.
Currently, the relics of the holy saint recognized by the Church are located in three cities: a Nonza, which owns two vertebrae and part of the skull, in Livorno, where they kept a finger and a few bone fragments and in Brescia, which is in possession of large Part of the remains kept in the parish church of the village Prealpino (dedicated to the holy), north district on the outskirts of the city.
|(kär´thj) , ancient city, on the northern shore of Africa, on a peninsula in the Bay of Tunis and near modern Tunis. The Latin name, Carthago or Cartago, was derived from the Phoenician name, which meant “new city.”||1|
|The Rise of Carthage|
|Carthage was founded (traditionally by Dido) from Tyre in the 9th cent. B.C. The city-state built up trade and in the 6th and 5th cent. B.C. began to acquire dominance in the W Mediterranean. Merchants and explorers established a wide net of trade that brought great wealth to Carthage. The state was tightly controlled by an aristocracy of nobles and wealthy merchants. Although a council and a popular assembly existed, these soon lost power to oligarchical institutions, and actual power was in the hands of the judges and two elected magistrates (suffetes). There was also a small but powerful senate.||2|
|The greatest weakness of Carthage was the rivalry between landholding and maritime families. The maritime faction was generally in control, and about the end of the 6th cent. B.C. the Carthaginians established themselves on Sardinia, Malta, and the Balearic Islands. The navigator Hanno is supposed to have sailed down the African coast as far as Sierra Leone in the early 5th cent. The statesman Mago arrived at treaties with the Etruscans, the Romans, and some of the Greeks.||3|
|Sicily, which lay almost at the front door of Carthage, was never brought completely under Carthaginian control. The move against the island, begun by settlements in W Sicily, was brought to a halt when the Carthaginian general Hamilcar (a name that recurred in the powerful Carthaginian family usually called the Barcas) was defeated (480 B.C.) by Gelon, tyrant of Syracuse, in the battle of Himera. The Greek city-states of Sicily were thus preserved, but the Carthaginian threat continued and grew with the steadily increasing power of Carthage.||4|
|Hamilcar’s grandson, Hannibal (another name much used in the family), destroyed Himera (409 B.C.), and his colleague Himilco sacked Acragas (modern Agrigento) in 406 B.C. Syracuse resisted the conquerors, and a century later Carthage was threatened by the campaign (310–307?) of the tyrant Agathocles on the shores of Africa. After his death, however, Carthage had practically complete control over all the W Mediterranean.||5|
|The Punic Wars and the Decline of Carthage|
|In the 3d cent. B.C. Rome challenged Carthage’s control of the W Mediterranean in the Punic Wars (so called after the Roman name for the Carthaginians, Poeni, i.e., Phoenicians). The first of these wars (264–241) cost Carthage all remaining hold on Sicily. Immediately after the First Punic War a great uprising of the mercenaries occurred (240–238). Hamilcar Barca put down the revolt and compensated for the loss of Sicilian possessions by undertaking conquest in Spain, a conquest continued by Hasdrubal.||6|
|The growth of Carthaginian power again activated trouble with Rome, and precipitated the Second Punic War (218–201). Although the Carthaginian general was the formidable Hannibal, Carthage was finally defeated, partly by the Roman generals Quintus Fabius Maximus Rullianus (see under Fabius) and Scipio Africanus Major, and partly by the fatal division of the leading families in Carthage itself, which prevented Hannibal from receiving proper supplies.||7|
|After Scipio had won (202) the battle of Zama, Carthage sued for peace. All its warships and its possessions outside Africa were lost, but Carthage recovered commercially and remained prosperous. Deep divisions among the Carthaginian political parties, however, gave Rome (and particularly Cato the Elder) the pretext to fight the Third Punic War (149–146 B.C.), which ended with the total destruction of Carthaginian power and the razing of the city by Scipio Africanus Minor.||8|
|Romans later undertook to build a new city (Colonia Junonia) on the spot in 122 B.C., but the project failed. A new city was founded in 44 B.C. and under Augustus became an important center of Roman administration. Carthage was later (A.D. 439–533) the capital of the Vandals and was briefly recovered (533) for the Byzantine Empire by Belisarius. Although practically destroyed by Arabs in 698, the site was populated for many centuries afterward.||9|
|There are hardly any remains of the ancient Carthage, although a few Punic cemeteries, shrines, and fortifications have been discovered. Most of the ruins that remain are from the Roman period, including baths, an amphitheater, aqueducts, and other buildings. Louis IX of France (St. Louis) died there while on crusade. A chapel in his honor stands on the hill that is traditionally identified as Byrsa Hill, site of the ancient citadel. The Lavigérie Museum is also there.||10|
|See B. H. Warmington, Carthage (2d ed. 1969); T. A. Dorey and D. R. Dudley, Rome against Carthage (1971); N. Davis, Carthage and Her Remains (1985).|
The third island of the Mediterranean in point of size, only Sicily and Sardinia being of greater extent. The distance from the French seaport Antibes, on the Riviera, to Calvi, the port of Corsica nearest to France, is one hundred and eleven miles. There is a brisk commerce between Leghorn, in Italy, and Bastia, in Corsica, the voyage being made in five hours.
The island is mountainous and well watered, a large part being covered with forests and almost impenetrable thickets called maquis. The climate is mild on the coast, but cold in elevated regions. The area of Corsica is 3367 square miles, the population 300,000.
Set high on a black rocky pinnacle that plunges vertically into the sea, the village of NONZA, 18km south of Centuri, is one of the highlights of the Cap Corse shoreline. It was formerly the main stronghold of the da Gentile family, and the remains of their fortress are still standing on the furthest rocks on the overhanging cliff.
The village is also famous for St Julia, patron saint of Corsica, who was martyred here in the fifth century. The story goes that she had been sold into slavery at Carthage and was being taken by ship to Gaul when the slavers docked here. A pagan festival was in progress, and when Julia refused to participate she was crucified; the gruesome legend relates that her breasts were then cut off and thrown onto a stone, from which sprang two springs, now enshrined in a chapel by the beach. To get there, follow the sign on the right-hand side of the road before you enter the square, which points to La Fontaine de Ste-Julia, down by the rocks. (http://france-for-visitors.com/corsica/nonza.html) The Rough Guide to Corsica By David Abram
Church of Sta. Julia in Nonza
The Church of Santa Guilia in Brecia, Italy
(now part of the City Musuem)
- Reflection: Saint Julia, whether free or a slave, whether in prosperity or in adversity, was equally fervent and devout. She adored all the sweet designs of Providence; and far from complaining, she never ceased to praise and thank God for all His holy designs. God, by an admirable chain of events, raised her by her fidelity to the honors of a Saint, and to the dignity of a virgin and martyr.
- Declared a saint and martyr by the Church, St. Julia is an example to us of how to share our life with others, help others in their needs and trials, how to endure our sorrows in joy and how to share in the fullness of the “life-giving waters” flowing from the side of Christ. In this way we come to share with Christ our Lord the fullness of Life.
IMAGES OF ST. JULIA FROM AROUND THE WORLD
Click Here: www.santiebeati.it/immagini/?mode=album&album=90282&dispsize=Original
YouTube Video (in Italian)